Bacterial Soft Rot

Tobias Lunt*, UW-Madison Plant Pathology Revised:  10/18/2013 Item number:  XHT1224 What is bacterial soft rot?  Bacterial soft rots are a group of diseases that cause more crop loss worldwide than any other bacterial disease.  Bacterial soft rots damage succulent plant parts such as fruits, tubers, stems and bulbs of plants in nearly every plant family.  […]


Christy Stewart, UW Horticulture and USDA-ARS Revised:  12/11/2012 Item number:  XHT1213 Why are pollinators important?  Approximately three quarters of the world’s major food crops require or benefit from animal pollination.  This includes many fruits and vegetables such as strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, currants, plums, apples, sweet cherries, pears, watermelons, cantaloupes, cucumbers, squashes, and tomatoes.  Pollinators also […]

Common Corn Smut

Tianna Jordan*, UW-Madison Plant Pathology Revised:  6/19/2013 Item number:  XHT1221 What is common corn smut?  Common corn smut is a fungal disease that affects field, pop, and sweet corn, as well as the corn relative teosinte (Zea mexicana).  Common corn smut is generally not economically significant except in sweet corn where relatively low levels of […]

Maintaining Lawn and Garden Tools

When it comes to digging in the garden or pruning trees and shrubs, having high quality tools that are cleaned, lubricated, sharpened and otherwise properly maintained, makes any outdoor job simpler and more efficient. Learn how to maintain your garden tools in this useful factsheet.


Joe Spraker, UW-Madison Plant Pathology Revised:  6/7/2013 Item number:  XHT1230 What is huitlacoche?  Huitlacoche is the Native American name for the mushroom-like masses found on the ears of corn and corn relatives (collectively called teosinte).  Huitlacoche can be a major problem for sweet corn growers where it is referred to as common corn smut (see […]

Black Rot of Crucifers

Andrew Pape, UW-Madison Plant Pathology Revised:  6/14/2013 Item number:  XHT1225 What is black rot?  Black rot is a potentially lethal bacterial disease that affects cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, rutabaga and turnip, as well as cruciferous weeds such as shepherd’s purse and wild mustard.  Black rot occurs worldwide wherever cruciferous […]

Home Garden Fungicides

Amanda Gevens, Ken Cleveland and Lauren Thomas, UW Madison – Plant Pathology Revised:  5/30/2012 Item number:  XHT1211 Diseases of vegetable plants can pose a challenge for the home gardener.  Typically, cultural methods are the preferred options for disease management in home vegetable gardens.  Cultural methods include proper site selection, plant spacing, staking, watering, fertilization, and […]

Using Crop Rotation in Home Vegetable Garden

Crop rotation in the home vegetable garden involves changing the planting location of vegetables within the garden each season. Crop rotation is used to reduce damage from insect pests, to limit the development of vegetable diseases, and to manage soil fertility. Learn the basics in this factsheet.

Starting a Community Garden—How to Put Your Plot on the Path to Success

Author(s): Kristin Krokowski Learn how to determine what type of garden you’ll build, identify resources and tools, build a committed team of volunteers, and select an appropriate site. This publication also touches on how to get started, manage the garden, educate gardeners, and forge connections within the community. Download Article

Black Cutworm

Karen Delahaut Revised:  8/6/2012 Item number:  A3821 Black cutworm larvae are active nighttime feeders, clipping many seedlings at or below the soil line. They prefer beets, carrots, cucumber, leafy greens, melons, peas, potatoes, pumpkins, snap beans, squash, and sweet corn. If not controlled, they can destroy roughly a third of a planting. Find out when […]

Caterpillar Pests of Cole Crops

K.A. Delahaut Revised:  8/6/2012 Item number:  A3724-E This fact sheet covers the imported cabbageworm, the cabbage looper, and the diamondback moth. Scouting tips and effective means of control are highlighted.   Download Article

Corn Earworm

K.A. Delahaut, J.L. Wedberg Revised:  8/6/2012 Item number:  A3655 The corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea, can cause serious economic damage to fresh market and processing sweet corn and hybrid dent seed corn. Also known as the tomato fruitworm, the larvae feed on field corn, tomatoes, lettuce, peppers, and snap beans. Learn how to identify and control […]

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